Johannesburg has a temperate climate. Summertime temperatures average about 75 °F (24 °C); winter temperatures average about 55 °F (13 °C) and only occasionally dip below freezing. Central Johannesburg, the commercial and financial heart of South Africa, is laid out in a rectangular grid pattern that is unchanged from the first city survey in 1886. Streets are narrow and cast into shadow by high-rise concrete blocks, creating an almost tunnellike effect. Architecturally, the city is a hodgepodge, reflecting decades of rapid growth and a singular indifference to historic preservation.
This modern African metropolis has it all: vibrant nightlife, gourmet dining, live entertainment, couture shopping, forward-thinking arts and culture, the Gautrain, and plenty of tranquil retreats for a perfect all-round getaway. Joburg’s history, arts, and culture are well documented in a number of museums, galleries, and monuments. The Apartheid Museum features a series of exhibitions that provocatively illustrates the rise and fall of apartheid. Tourists will also enjoy a tour of the Johannesburg Art Gallery, Constitution Hill, and the Hector Peterson Museum.